Caffeine and ADHD:
Caffeine is a legal drug and used in various forms including tea, coffee, and soda. The effects of the drug vary with each user, so the most I can do is providing a general overview of impacts. The effect of the drug varies with each user, so the most common thing I provided in this article is a general overview of the effects. The positive effects of caffeine include increased concentration, improved mental and physical performance. The exact effects will vary on the source of your caffeine as tea and coffee contain many other chemicals. Because caffeine is the most common drug used in the ADHD, therefore it is best to know its effects on the body. In this article, we are going to discuss the relation between caffeine and ADHD.
Caffeine stimulates the body:
With its stimulant effect, it is easy to understand why caffeine is a second to be traded in the world after oil. For many, it keeps us awake and moving through our busy days. What does it do to our brain and adenosine I have already explained in my separate article: caffeine impact on the mind. But caffeine doesn’t stop there. It also stimulates the production of adrenaline which increases heartbeat, gets your blood pumping and even opens our airways. Further, it increases the production of dopamine which makes us feel happy. This stimulation effect of caffeine increases the concentration and gives us the feeling of energized.
Sometime, caffeine may have adverse effects for you if you have a problem with insomnia, i.e., the person who has difficulty in sleep, they will go to experience its harsh effects. But the adverse effects of the caffeine will stay only for a few days.
Caffeine may reduce hyperactivity:
According to some studies, it is proved that caffeine is vasoconstrictor which means it decreases the flow of the blood.
There were two scans made by MRI. The first scan was made when the patient has not drunk coffee. And, another MRI test was made when the same patient drank his coffee. After these two tests done by wake forester researcher, It was observed that there is a 40% drop in blood flow after drinking coffee than before drinking coffee. This reduced blood flow to the brain was occurred due to the contraction of a blood vessel after continuous use of caffeine.
The effect of the caffeine is very much similar to Adderall, the common prescription drug used to treat ADHD. Although there is no proof, Decreased blood flow towards the brains reduces activity.
Caffeine as a drug for more concentration:
The main problems in ADHD are concentration and hyperactivity. A kid with ADHD has a lack of concentration due to a deficiency of dopamine neurotransmitters. Caffeine as a stimulant increases the dopamine availability by slowing down the rate of dopamine reabsorption.
Dopamine deficiency also causes depression, fatigue, mood swing, and mindfulness. It is also being associated with memory-related abilities. A study at Johns Hopkins University found that caffeine intake could strengthen our memories and improve retention for at least 24 hours. But those were short-term effects.
Caffeine is known to increase alertness. Now at the same time, it triggers the release of adrenaline, the fight or flight hormones associated with increased energy. But at higher doses, it leads to anxiety and nervousness. Hence, we need to use it in the right doses for children with ADHD because higher doses may increase the symptoms of ADHD.
Caffeine ability to keep peoples awake is one of its most prized qualities. But too much caffeine can make it difficult to get a good sleep and it also decreases sleep time. According to the study, about 50% of children with ADHD have a sleep disorder. Having a sleep disorder can directly give symptoms of ADHD. These symptoms are:
- Less attention
- Feeling of tiredness
- Irritation while doing any task
- Always moving around
Hence, it is recommended that children with ADHD can use caffeine only in the morning or daytime but strictly prohibits its use on the night.
Caffeine and ADHD medication:
There are two types of ADHD medication: Stimulant and non-stimulants. There are three major groups of stimulants medication used for ADHD: Ritalin, Adderall, and Dexedrine group. These all
medicines appear to help by increasing brain hormones which are low in ADHD. If caffeine is used with any of these stimulants, it creates an additive mechanism of effects. It means caffeine increase the effectiveness of the ADHD medication. But sometimes this additive impact of caffeine and ADHD medication causes anxiety and sleep disorder. Hence, always consult with your doctor while taking caffeine with ADHD medications.
There are some non-stimulant medicines which may be used in some children with ADHD. They are not as effective as stimulants but are used when stimulants are not working. Strattera whose chemical name is Adam oxy teen which increase the level of norepinephrine. They help to decrease overactive portion of the brain. Most of the time it is given alone but it may be helpful if used with caffeine or other stimulants.