Digestive enzymes present in the rumen of dairy animals produce Vitamin H or B7. It is also known as biotin. It is a part of a family of vitamins soluble in water. According to our study on farmers who uses biotin and who does not use it, its deficiency impacts the milk production capacity of a cow. Dairy animals need 20 to 25 PPM biotin. Its deficiency causes the foot and mouth problem in cows and also causes ulcers in feet. Biotin increases the production of digestive enzymes and bile production in the liver. It improves the digestion process of animals. Due to its high benefits in the digestion, it is known to be a liver tonic.
Why cow need biotin?
As we know, cow’s rumen produces Vitamin H in the rumen. Including nitrogen-rich products in the feed rises the Vitamin H biosynthesis capacity of the rumen. Up to now, we presume that cow’s rumen produces enough rumen for its needs. But when the feed quantity in the ration is higher than 35%, it impacts the Vitamin H production capacity of a cow. Cow’s rumen can only produce 3 to 6 PPM Vitamin H. It cannot fulfill the cow Vitamin H requirements. Hence, we need to put biotin in the feed so that cow gets all required Vitamin H.
Biotin impacts milk production capacity:
Amino acids combine to meet various protein need of cow body. Biotin plays a more significant role in the formation of amino acids. Biotin helps in converting propionate produced in rumen into glucose. Also, rumen need biotin for the various enzymes which assist in the digestion of fiber. Feeding biotin or Vitamin H increases glucose production in the cows. Hence, the cow needs more biotin to complete all the above process for more milk production. These all the need of cow cannot be fulfilled by biotin’s production in the rumen. According to research done in the Ohio state university of America, if we start feeding biotin to cow two weeks before calving to 100 days after calving, it increases daily 2.9 kg milk production of the cow.
Biotin gives full benefits of feed:
Today, every dairy farmer in the world are trying to maximize milk production. For this, they feed excessive feeder to animals do not digest which. In the long run, it impacts the digestion system of animals and also causes many liver problems. If farmers feed vitamin H to these dairy animals, it increases the digestion of animals. Also, farmers can save the cost of feed. It is because now farmers will get more benefits from less feed as there is no wastage of feed occur due to undigested feed. So, vitamin H or Biotin is a need of the hour for dairy farmers for increasing milk production. Hence, Vitamin H or biotin is a win-win situation for farmers. Most farmers use it to increase milk production and for the growth of udder.
Other benefits of biotin:
- Feeding Vitamin H decreases the stress level of the cow. It helps at the time of AI program because lesser the animals are in stress, more the conception rate.
- Biotin strengthens the blood vessels of udder which helps in the growth of udder. But the larger quantity of vitamin H may cause subclinical mastitis.
- It increases the flow of blood in the vessels near the skin and helps in the repairing of skin cells.
- It increases the sperm count of bull if given. Thus, it increases the fertility of breeding bulls.
- Vitamin H increases the quality of milk.
- It strengthens the hoof which ultimately helps cow avoiding stringhalt.
According to our study, Vitamin H help in repairing and maintenance of tissue and other vital organs of the cow.
Sources of Vitamin H or Biotin:
Barley has 25% vitamin H content. It can be grown anywhere under cool temperature condition. It takes 60 to 75 days for its full growth. Its high tolerance towards salty soil makes it suitable for growth in the coastal land. It is also rich in various amino acids, fiber, and protein which helps in more milk production. Many farmers in Canada, the USA, and many European countries grow it for fodder to dairy animals.
It is another excellent homemade source for Biotin. It has 98% vitamin H making it best fodder for dairy animals. Soya beans have a high fiber low starch content. If given to bulls, it can increase the fertility of bulls. It is a good source of beef and non-beef cattle.
Maize we know which as Makka in India is another excellent source of biotin. Its corn has 99% Vitamin H content. Also, it is a cheaper source of vitamin B7. Sometimes; farmers roast corn which destroys its vitamin H content. In many countries, Farmers use its silage corn for feeding to dairy animals. Dairy animals and even smaller calves can digest it.
It contains vitamin H in abundance which makes it useful in various European and American continental countries as fodder to livestock. Yeast improves digestion and feeds intake in both dry and lactating cows.
It is a remain of the extraction of oil from sunflower seeds used in poultry. It has 25% vitamin H. it is good for pregnant cows as it decreases the stress level on them.
It has 60% content of biotin. Rapeseed is a use in the synthetic soaps and cosmetics as a lubricant. Many farmers grow it as a winter covering crop. After extracting rapeseed oil, the remains of it are useful as a feed to ruminants.
Another source of biotin with 39% content. Its an ideal feed for livestock with its high fiber and other nutrients content. It has a crude protein content of 15%. Now, farmers all over the world majorly in the developed countries used it while cows are now adapted to grain feed.
Rice bran is remains of rice milling process when brown rice is processed into white grains of rice. According to researches, it has a high quantity of fiber and also increases the biosynthesis of biotin in the rumen. It has 25% vitamin H content. While it is a cheaper source of fiber and vitamin b complex, it has the potential to add significant value to the dairy industry.
There are many other sources which have a high content of vitamin H like fish meal, whey, Grass lucerne meal, molasse, various Nuts, almonds, etc. As most of the products sold on the name of vitamin H has zero results or having a minor effect. You can make a powder form of all the above sources of vitamin H and mix them, then use resulting vitamin H in feeds. Homemade vitamin H is also more productive and cheaper than all the available products in the market. Also, it gives added benefits like high fiber content and other nutrients for which you don’t need any extra product for cow feed.